Ardian is nearing the end of the fundraise for Ardian Private Debt Fund IV, Unquote has learned.
GP buys substantial minority in Belgium-based industrial bread-making machinery specialist
Ardian acquires Crédit Mutuel Equity's stake in the France-based packaging manufacturer
Fund-of-funds invests in primary and secondary private equity funds across the US, Europe and Asia
GP buys the company from private equity house B4 Investimenti and founders Giuseppe and Luca Cerea